URBAN HISTORY REVIEW/
REVUE D'HISTOIRE URBAINE

Vol. 43, No. 2
Publication Date: 2015-06-23
Number of articles: 13

Articles

Pages: 5–25
William Zeckendorf, Place Ville-Marie, and the Making of Modern Montreal 
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By / par Don Nerbas

Abstract

The Place Ville-Marie development was central to the renovation of Montreal during the 1950s and 1960s. Its cruciform office tower transformed the city's skyline and marked the removal of the city's financial district from St. James Street to the new alley of skyscrapers on Dorchester Boulevard (now Boulevard René Lévesque). Earlier studies have emphasized the role of modern planning in the making of Place Ville-Marie and other post–Second World War urban redevelopment projects. This article advances an interpretation of Place Ville-Marie as a capital investment in the "production of space." The project was a highly speculative effort by its developer, William Zeckendorf, to utilize monumental architecture to sell prestige to corporate tenants. This took place in specific, historically contingent, and politically contested circumstances. In a period when modernization was a powerful and popular idea, Zeckendorf cultivated a myth about Place Ville-Marie that accommodated and absorbed nationalist aspirations within Montreal and Canada that were fixed upon the panacea of modernization. While Zeckendorf's financial woes and the overcapacity of office space that Place Ville-Marie helped create contradicted the project's mythic image, Place Ville-Marie also embodied new capitalist values and the rise of new capitalist forces in the city.

Pages: 26–37
Childhood in Calgary's Postwar Suburbs: Kids, Bullets, and Boom, 1950–1965 
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By / par James Onusko

Abstract

Suburban living has become the definitive housing choice for a large majority of North Americans since the end of the Second World War. A longstanding image of the postwar suburbs highlights a stable and undifferentiated experience for young Canadians. Much of the popular and scholarly literature on these spaces tends to portray them as exclusively middle class, homogeneous, conformist, conservative, and alienating. While Canadian suburbia has appeared similar in outward appearance, increasingly more so in the postwar era, this has not necessarily meant that the suburbs have created total homogenization in the built environment, lifestyles, attitudes, and values of their inhabitants. Suburbs embody substantial economic, political, and cultural power in North America. In the past two decades a more nuanced response from academics on suburbia has emerged, in that some diversity, on several levels, is now noted. This article builds on this alternate view. I argue that young suburbanites were exposed to aggressive imagery, discursive constructs, and everyday practices in an attempt to discipline them for possible military service, ongoing participation in civilian defence, and that they internalized much of this. The resulting general atmosphere prepared them to engage "enemies," under the auspices of the Cold War that lay both within, and outside, postwar childhood spaces. Evidence is based on oral histories, images produced for children, newspaper editorials, and the school-based literature and art that suburban students created.

Pages: 38–53
The Story of a Commercial Street: Growth, Decline, and Gentrification on Gottingen Street, Halifax 
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By / par Nathan Roth

Abstract

Between the 1830s and 2010s Gottingen Street in Halifax, Canada, transitioned from a residential street, to a commercial corridor, to an area of community services, to a revitalizing "hip" area. Its story reflects the influence of changing regulatory regimes, transportation modes, commercial practices, and cultural values. The article follows uses in selected properties on the street to tell the story of an area shifting in use and character as a result of major infrastructure investments and changing economic conditions between 1910 and 2015.

Book Reviews

Pages: 57–58
Peuple et pauvres des villes dans la France moderne. De la Renaissance à la Révolution. Anne Béroujon, (Paris : Armand Colin, 2014), 334 p. 
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By / par Danny Bertrand
Pages: 58–59
Aménagement et urbanisme au Québec. D'où venons-nous ? Que sommes-nous ? Où allons-nous ? Témoignages de pionniers et pionnières de l'aménagement du territoire et de l'urbanisme depuis la Révolution tranquille. André Boisvert, (Québec : GID, 2014), 723 p. 
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By / par Amélie-Myriam Plante
Pages: 59–60
Reclaiming the Don: An Environmental History of Toronto's Don River Valley. . Jennifer L. Bonnell. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014. Pp. 277. Illustrations, photographs, maps. ISBN 9781442643840 
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By / par Peter Anderson
Pages: 60–60
Marquer la ville. Signes, traces, empreintes du pouvoir (XIIIe-XVIe siècle). Patrick Boucheron et Jean-Philippe Genet (dir.), (Paris : Publications de la Sorbonne, 2014), 527 p. 
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By / par Antoine Champigny
Pages: 61–62
Rencontre de deux mondes. La crise d'industrialisation du Canada français. Everett C. Hughes, (Montréal : Boréal, 2014), 432 p. 
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By / par Dominique Morin
Pages: 62–63
The Feel of the City: Experiences of Urban Transformation. . Nicolas Kenny. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014. Pp. 300. Illustrations, photographs. ISBN 9781442647749 
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By / par Jane Nicholas
Pages: 63–64
Lieux, biens, liens communs. Émergence d'une grammaire participative en architecture et urbanisme, 1904–1969. Judith Le Maire, (Bruxelles : Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles, 2014), 252 p. 
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By / par Michel Raynaud
Pages: 64–65
New York. Réguler pour innover, les années Bloomberg. Ariella Masboungi et Jean-Louis Cohen (dir.), (Marseille : Parenthèses, 2014), 224 p. 
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By / par Benoît Lartigue
Pages: 65–66
The Patriotic Consensus: Unity, Morale, and the Second World War in Winnipeg. . Jody Perrun. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2014. Pp. 292. Illustrations, photographs, maps. ISBN: 978-088755-749-1 
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By / par Sarah Hogenbirk
Pages: 66–67
Capitales rêvées, capitales abandonnées. Considérations sur la mobilité des capitales dans les Amériques (XVIIe-XXe siècle). Laurent Vidal (dir.), (Rennes : Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2014), 288 p. 
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By / par Nari Shelekpayev