URBAN HISTORY REVIEW/
REVUE D'HISTOIRE URBAINE

Vol. 41, No. 2 (2013)
Publication Date: 2013-05-06
Number of articles: 11

Articles

Pages 3-18
Une culture urbaine en mouvement. Se déplacer et consommer en milieu populaire à Québec, 1930-1980 - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Dale Gilbert

Abstract

This paper looks at the mutations of urban mobility and practices of consumption in Quebec lower-class neighbourhoods from 1930 to 1980 in a perspective combining everyday practices, citizens' requests and urban planning. It is based on a case study of Saint-Sauveur, a neighbourhood located in Quebec City. We analyze the evolution of the city's and neighbourhood's experience related with mobility and consumption, and also the citizens requests and the reactions of the planning institutions resulting from that evolution. By using oral history, we show that the increased use of the automobile transformed the experience of consumption around 1960 by redefining the relationship of Saint-Sauveur's inhabitants—used until then to walk—to proximity and physical accessibility. The projects of Quebec City's planning institutions resulting from the new context created by that redefinition, highly influenced by a favourable prejudice toward car, met on some points citizen's opposition. Nevertheless, the interventions of these institutions paved the way to a durable transformation of the structure of this old lower-class neighbourhood and, consequently, of the neighbourhood life, a transformation accepted by a large part of its inhabitants.

Pages 19-29
Berlin, Ontario, in the Age of the ABC - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Jack Lucas

Abstract

Between 1890 and 1910, the town of Berlin, Ontario, adopted special-purpose bodies, such as water commissions and park boards, with enthusiasm. Why did Berlin's civic leaders respond to these institutions so enthusiastically? This paper suggests that internal diffusion, fuelled by an argument about municipal capacity, was at work in Berlin at the time. The paper also critically examines two alternative explanations for the town's enthusiasm, one grounded in Wilsonian reform, and the other in elite self-insulation.

Pages 30-41
Gerald Sutton Brown and the Discourse of City Planning Expertise in Vancouver, 1953–1959 - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Will Langford

Abstract

This paper examines the discourse Gerald Sutton Brown, the director of the newly created Vancouver Department of Planning, employed between 1953 and 1959. Amidst rapid urbanization and suburbanization, changes in local state governance, and wider debate over the urban future, Sutton Brown began speaking in public to popularize his vision of planning. He regularly compared planning to business, medicine, science, and politics. I argue that his co-optation of language, images, and metaphors drawn from more established professions promoted planning projects and asserted the authority of the planning profession. However, Sutton Brown's rhetorical strategy obscured and depoliticized many of the realities of his high modernist planning program. Even if his discourse proved relatively ineffectual in the face of financial, political, and practical constraints, his rhetoric was important because it demonstrated one way that high modernist ideas could be mobilized to promote significant urban change.

Expositions

Pages 44-45
Montréal au musée : deux fois plutôt qu'une ! - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Mathieu Payette-Hamelin

Book Reviews

Pages 46-47
Brodeur, Magaly. Vice et corruption à Montréal, 1892-1970. Québec : Presses de l'Université du Québec, 2011. Pp. xiv, 129 - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Thierry Nootens
Pages 47-48
Cadotte, Robert et Anik Meunier. L'école d'antan, 1860-1960 : découvrir et se souvenir de l'école du Québec, Québec : Presses de l'Université du Québec, 2011, 193 p. - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Andrée Dufour
Pages 48-49
Cloutier, Geneviève, Jean-Pierre Collin et Claire Poitras. Dix ans d'études urbaines au Québec : Bilan et perspectives d'avenir. Québec : Les Presses de l'Université Laval, 2011. Pp. 147. Bibliographie - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Caroline Andrew
Pages 49-50
Jean Gaudette (2011), L'émergence de la modernité urbaine au Québec. Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu 1880-1930, Québec, Éditions du Septentrion, 270 pages - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Annie-Claude Labrecque
Pages 50-51
Rémi Guertin, Québec, la Capitale sans ville, Éditions Trois-Pistoles, 2011 - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): François Dufaux
Pages 51-52
Klemek, Christopher. The Transatlantic Collapse of Urban Renewal: Postwar Urbanism from New York to Berlin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. 315 pages. Photographs, appendix, notes, index. - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Will Langford
Pages 53-54
Sellers, Christoper C. Crabgrass Crucible: Suburban Nature and the Rise of Environmentalism in Twentieth-Century America. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2012 - PDF through Erudit
Author(s): Will Knight
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